What are disasters and how to manage them?
to the modern concept Disaster Management is conceived as a four-phase
approach in which it is based upon four distinct components:
mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery.
involves reducing or eliminating the likelihood or the consequences of a
hazard, or both. Mitigation seeks to "treat" the hazard such that it
impacts society to a lesser degree.
involves equipping people who may be impacted by a disaster or who may
be able to help those impacted with the tools to increase their chance
of survival and to minimize their financial and other losses.
involves taking action to reduce or eliminate the impact of disasters
that have occurred or are currently occurring, in order to prevent
further suffering, financial loss, or a combination of both. "Relief", a
term commonly used in international disaster management, is one
component of response.
involves returning victims' lives back to a normal state following the
impact of disaster consequences. The recovery phase generally begins
after the immediate response has ended, and can persist for months or
Coppola, Introduction to International Disaster Management, ELSEVIER.
and Preparedness both includes three important components: public
education, warning systems, risk mapping which divided into different
parts with respect to the major divisions.
Existing Disaster Management Scenario
Disaster Management (DM) approach in India is centralized in nature and
hierarchy-dependent. After mobilizing the whole resources into the
effort of disaster management, communication between the on field
personnel and the authority are never so useful with the present
methods, is always added delay and disturbance & interruption, overload
of flow of information at right time and right place. To overcome the
difficulties of this present scenario, it is an urgent need for a
user-centric, partly-decentralized, partly hierarchy-independent
emergency communication network whose approach provides the end user to
be able to share resource and information effectively.
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